ESSAY ON LOKTAK LAKE OF MANIPUR

In November , Environment ministry has taken keen interest in preserving loktak lake and has formed a panel of five members for this purpose. This iconic lake, located in Bishnupur district, at a distance of 53 km from Imphal, is known for its circular floating swamps called phumdis in the local language. Deforestation and shifting cultivation in the catchment areas have accelerated the process of soil erosion resulting in the lake’s shrinkage due to siltation. The Sendra Tourist Home, located on a large phumdi island, also makes for an ideal tourist spot. In the central part of the lake waterfowl, including dabbling ducks and diving ducks are reported but their numbers are declining due to proliferation of phumdis. All these activities have direct bearing on ecological stability of the lake.

Human activity has led to severe pressure on the lake ecosystem. Keibul Lamjao National Park. Located on this phumdi, Keibul Lamjao National Park is the only floating national park in the world. Loktak one more view. Views Read Edit View history.

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essay on loktak lake of manipur

Do you like this story? The new fish varieties introduced in lake were grass carp, silver carp and the old varieties of the local fishes like Channa punctatus ngamuAnabas testudineus ukabiAnguilla ngarilpangba, tharak, and ngashap stated to be under serious decline.

fate of loktak lake

Plants have msnipur degraded due to polluted water. Unfit url Webarchive template wayback links CS1 maint: The lake fishery is now a mixture of capture and culture systems. The nutrients from catchment area and domestic sewage from Imphal city carried by Nambul River are discharged into the lake affecting its water quality, thus encouraging the growth of water hyacinth and phumdis.

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Retrieved 1 April Grey sandstone —grit— conglomerate — limestone sequences intruded by serpentinites containing minor amounts of enstalite, chromiteamphiboles and magnetite constitute the Disang formation. Visit us on Facebook to stay updated with the latest positive stories!

With the phumdis becoming thinner, the hoofs of the limbs of sangai get stuck in the marsh and results in their drowning. All this, in turn, threatens the Sangai deer.

essay on loktak lake of manipur

View of Loktak Lake and Phumdis. In the habitat patch with rooted floating plants, vegetation comprises the a Nelumbo nucifera, b Trapa natans, c Euryale ferox, d Nymphaea alba, e N. The main components of the project, as built, are, a the Ithai Barrageacross the Manipur river of The annual silt flow into the lake is estimated to betons.

manipir Archived from the original on 3 September The construction of Ithai barrage and maintaining constant water level at full reservoir level FRL has led ov a changes in hydrological regime thereby affecting ecological processes and functions of the wetland, b inundation of agricultural lands esay displacement of people from flooded lands and c loss of fish population and diversity. Thanga, Ithing, Sendra islands.

Nine mini- hatcheries opened by the State Government has the capacity to produce one million fish fingerlings in a day. Harvey gave props 7 Apr Fate of Loktak Lake. Retrieved 30 March Argillaceous and arneceous sequence represents the Surma and Tipam groups, respectively. Retrieved 5 April What makes the Loktak Lake even more special is the Keibul Lamjao National Park located at the south western part of the lake. Archived from the original on 16 December Welcome to the Northeast!

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Loktak lake at Manipur

Natural capture fishery without the requirement of any lease or licence was also in vogue in the lake. This ancient lake plays an important role in the economy of Manipur. In the habitat part of the rooted plants, Hydrophasianus chirurgusMetopidius indicusand others were reported; once abundant now show a declining trend.

The other major streams which drain into the lake and which bring in lot of silt are the Nambul, the Nambol, the Thongjarok, the Awang Khujairok, the Awang Kharok, the Ningthoukhong, the Potsangbam, the Oinam, the Keinou and the Irulok. I am grateful that we are able to share our various geographical photo experiences in JPG platform.

Resembling miniature islands, these phumdis are found in various forms, floating on the lake. Proliferation of phumdis has been observed near the mouth of Ungamel channel, Kumbi pat, Nongmaikhong and Khordak area.