Journal of the History of Ideas, Vol. To thefourliterary manuscripts of theformerletterknown to Viti Ricc. He has unearthed new data aboutBruni’sactivities relativeto theforeign and domestic politicsof his daybutseemsembarrassed byhis ownriches;he failstousehisfresh research tocriticizeeffectivelytheoldpicture ofBruni, stilllesstocreatea newone. Princeton University Press, This manuscript, as is known,is a copy of a volume missingfromthe archivalseries of Signori,Missive Ia Cancelleriain the Archiviodi Statoof Florence.

In thecrisisof theMilaneseWars,whenFlorence’sveryexist- ence was threatened, privatescholarshipof the Petrarchan varietyseemed selfishand trivial. MartinDavies subsequently broughtto my noticeanothermanuscript witnessof Aretine provenance,dated , in theVaticanLibrary. The methodemployedcombinedtradi- tionaltechniquesof historicaland philologicalcriticism withwhatcan only be calleda kindofhistorian’s connoisseurship: ThetreatiseOn thePolityof theFlorentines,ontheother hand,wasa philosophical modelled treatise on partsofAristotle’s Politics anddirected to an audiencethatwouldmostly havebeencontemptuous ofpopular government. The civic humanist ideology of the Quattrocento represented a reversal of a feudal, otherworldly ideology supposedly inherited from the Middle Ages.

Modern Republicanism and the History of Barkn. Primumenim 5 ut in stellisest altitudoatquesublimitas admiranda, sic etiamimperialis fastigiisublimitas et altitudosupermortalesattollitur.

He has unearthed new data aboutBruni’sactivities relativeto theforeign and domestic politicsof his daybutseemsembarrassed byhis ownriches;he failstousehisfresh thesjs tocriticizeeffectivelytheoldpicture ofBruni, stilllesstocreatea newone.

Bruni’s civic humanismchallengedAugustineby revivingan Aristotelian and Ciceroniananthropology whichsaw self-government and other”exter- nal goods” as necessaryto thedignityand perfection of humanity. Civic humanists elaborated a republican political ideology that made the state, not religious authority, the font of value.

James Hankins on the ‘Baron Thesis’

He is a Samson, determined to bring crashing down the twin columns upholding humanist political philosophy, namely virtue ethics and the humanist ideal of rule by a classically educated, hankis elite. Journal of Modern History, If Baronwas wrongto readhishumanists as fervent partisansof republicanism, he was correctin seeingthathuman- ism,as a culturalprogram, soughtmorethanthecultivation oftheindividual. If the correct modi e ordini were instituted, the passion for liberty could be built into a bonfire of bellica virtus that would transform a city-state into a great empire.


hankins the baron thesis

Also,he thesus thosethings thatare peacefulandhonorable. Yet fewscholarsinEuropewereawarethatBaronhad spentthelasttwenty years ofhis lifewriting a biographicalstudyof his hero. The secondreasonwhythenew pictureof Brunimattersis because it means that the whole categoryof “civic humanism”needs to be re- thought-either discardedentirely or redefinedso as to stripit of itsexclu- sive links withrepublicanism.

The same analysis of the whole and the part applied to the city: The same applied to states. There are, in my view,two mainreasonswhyit matters.

Hans Baron – Wikipedia

Theletter purports tohavebeenwritten byMatteodi SimoneStrozzi,brother ofNanni. Taken in thismoregeneralsense,it can be said thatBaron’s idea of “civic humanism”retainsa core of validity,and can standas an important supplement to theBurckhardtian understanding of theRenaissance. He became a naturalized U. Hankins,”The Humanist,the Banker,and theCondittiere: The writings of fewif anypoliticalthinkers are perfectly consistent witheach other.

He tends to assimilate malicious behavior to weakness; men behave badly baronn a political sense when the political system is poorly organized, when there are no routes to power for capable men: His great historical model is Rome: Whywas there so littlecommon ground between thecoollyrealistic ofpolicy discussions foundin the Consultee praticheduringthe s,and theoverheated rhetoric of Salutati’s publicletters?


For the human- ists, as for the ancient philosophers, freedom was not something natural to all men; it was an achieved character trait.

hankins the baron thesis

Noli enimputare,prestantissime Cesar, iam multisseculistantamletitiamfuissesusceptamex alicuius principisasumptionequanta per universummundumsusceptaest ex feliciista adsumptione tua. Bruniwas close to Matteoas well as Palla Strozziand would have been the obviouspersonto composea letteron Matteo’sbehalf.

The Foundations of Modern Political Thought, vol.

Hoc autem quantum publice utilitatis vivere civile as a description of the political life in secum trahat, quis non uidet? Baronwas surelyone of thethreeorfourmostinfluential oftheRenaissancein thesecond interpreters A primitiveversionofthispaperwas discussedat a roundtableon Hans Baronheld in Novemberof at theHarvardUniversity CenterforItalianRenaissanceStudies Villa I Tatti.

Hans Baron

Retrieved from ” https: Whydidhe admirepetty tyrants suchas CarloMalatestaand Braccioda Tje Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. Nowadaysit is clearthatthe relationshipbetweenthepoliticallanguageand symbolsof thecommune baaron ofpoweris farmorecomplexthanit seemedforty yearsago.

The identification of Bruni’scorrespondant “De- metrius”withDemetrioScarano was firstsuggestedby me in His main contribution to the historiography of the period was to introduce in the term civic humanism denoting most if not all of the content of classical republicanism.

In fact,Renaissancerepublicswereoligar- chies and, froma democratic pointof view,had notmuchbetterclaimsto legitimacythanRenaissancetyrannies.