Enter the name of the sub-field you are most interested in within the with the exact phrase search box in the Find articles section. Although the intercept, B 0 , is tested for statistical significance, this is rarely an important or interesting finding. It is used when we want to predict the value of a variable based on the value of two or more other variables. Join the 10,s of students, academics and professionals who rely on Laerd Statistics. These are very briefly described below, together with links to the major sections within this website where you can learn more: For example, some types of research, such as experiments in the physical sciences, more naturally lend themselves to quantitative research designs.

It describes what you units are i. With certain exceptions, which we mentioned below, we would suggest that you choose an article that has been published within the last years, and ideally, the last months. You can learn more about our enhanced content here. Duplication , Route B: Generalisation or Route C: When you analyse your own data, you will need to plot the studentized residuals against the unstandardized predicted values. I just signed up for Laerd Statistics and must say that your website is just what I needed!

We all have basic sets of beliefs that guide the way that we perform research. Join the current lecturers and professors that use us to help their students, graduates and PhDs learn statistics, research methods and the quirks of SPSS Statistics!

Since producing properly labelled and formatted graphs and charts can be time consuming, we show you how to do this using SPSS Statistics. In the section, Procedurewe illustrate the SPSS Statistics procedure to perform a multiple regression assuming that no assumptions have been violated.

This leads to problems with understanding which independent variable contributes to the variance explained in the dependent variable, as well as technical issues in calculating a multiple regression model. After all, you’ll find that academics across a wide range of degrees e. Your data needs to show homoscedasticitywhich is where the variances along the line of best fit remain similar as you move along the line.


While SPSS Statistics produces many tables, in particular, you often only need to interpret and report a small proportion of these. This is why we dedicate a number of sections of our enhanced multiple regression guide to help you get this right.

When you choose to analyse your data using multiple regression, part of the process involves checking to make sure that the data you want to analyse can actually be analysed using multiple regression. Your task is to first recognise the different components that make up the Research Strategy chapter or section and then choose which ones apply to you.

In other words, how should the reader i. It is used when we want to predict the value of a variable based on the value of two or more other variables. You will end up with the following screen:. I just signed up for Laerd Statistics and must say that your website is just what I needed!

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R can be considered to be one measure of the quality of the prediction of the dependent variable; in this case, VO 2 max. Generalisation or Route C: This needs to be very specific. Multiple regression also allows you to determine the overall fit variance explained of the laerr and the relative contribution of each of the predictors to the total variance explained.

You need to laefd this because it is only appropriate to use multiple regression if your data “passes” eight assumptions that are required for multiple regression to give you a valid result.

Learn how to accurately interpret and report your results.

If the relationship displayed in your scatterplots and disssrtation regression plots are not linear, lserd will have to either run a non-linear regression analysis or “transform” your data, which you can do using SPSS Statistics. Such units cases or objects could be people e.

This final consideration process can take between 3 months and 2 years before the article is peer-reviewed and published in a journal. However, all these points can have a very negative effect on the regression equation that is used to predict the value of the dependent variable based on the independent variables.


However, you also need to be able to interpret ” Adjusted R Square ” adj. In the Results per page drop-down box, select to maximise the number of results returned per page. Therefore, part of the data process involves checking to make sure that your data doesn’t fail these assumptions.

Fortunately, when using SPSS Statistics to run multiple regression on your data, you can detect possible outliers, high leverage points and highly influential points. You can learn more about our enhanced content here.

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Our comprehensive, step-by-step guides help you to 1 select the correct statistical tests to analyse your data with, 2 carry out those statistical test using IBM SPSS Statistics, and 3 understand and write up your results.

You can learn about our enhanced data setup content here.

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We also show you how to write up the results from your assumptions tests. The first stage in any data analysis is to identify the correct statistical tests to analyse your data with.

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Sometimes this means that there is a procedural aspect to the Research Ethics section, explaining how you attained permissions e. At the end of these seven steps, we show you how to interpret the results from your multiple regression. Finally, you need to check that the residuals errors are approximately normally distributed we explain these terms in our enhanced multiple regression guide.

Two common methods to check this assumption include using: