These are not required if the name of the state appears in the name of the publisher e. The writer should be identified by both real name and, in parentheses, the username or handle being used, unless the handle alone is identifiable as it stands. For the proceedings of learned societies, etc. Dictionary of the Middle Ages , ed. These are essentially private communications and are subject to the same ethical and legal rules as personal letters. References should be in the following form:
National Gallery Company, Proceedings of the British Academy. Nizet, , p. If the publication of a volume of a journal has been considerably delayed, the actual year of publication should be given in square brackets after the official year e. Johnson, 2nd edn Cambridge, MA: When citing a URL, take care to follow the format exactly and remember that addresses are case-sensitive.
Kellogg, Chaucer, Langland, Arthur: A book which has more than one place of publication and a different publisher in each place should be referred to as in example x. Information should be given in the following order: The month or season of publication or the part number of an issue of a journal may be omitted if the volume as a whole is continuously paginated; but it can be helpful to include this information, and in any case it must be given if the part numbers are paginated individually, as in these examples:.
Care should be taken to identify the original rather than an echo such as a retweet. McKerrow, 2nd edn, rev. For books in English and German, capitalize the initial letter of the first word after the colon and of all principal words in German, all nouns throughout the title see examples iixxand xv ; for titles in other languages, follow the capitalization rules for the language in question see 6.
Guide: How to cite a Dissertation in MHRA style
These are not required if the name of the state appears in the name of the publisher e. Scottish Academic Press,pp. Titles should normally be given in their most customary English-language form. First names of composers, artists, thdsis, may be omitted if thesiss deemed necessary. NewsnightBBC2, 2 November Names of artists may be given after that of the director. The copyright of all forms of private correspondence including emails belongs to the sender, and permission is needed even for the recipient to quote from it.
For the proceedings of learned societies, etc. Details of facsimile reprints of old books should be given as in example iii where the original publisher is responsible for the reprint, and as in example iv where different publishers are involved. Example i has a DOI, so needs no access date.
Modern Humanities Research Association :: Style
Elbow, bronze, Leeds Art Gallery, Leeds. If a published abstract of an unpublished thesis or dissertation is known to exist, the information should be given:. Selected Lettersed. Names of repositories and collections should be given in full in the htesis instance and an abbreviated form should be used for subsequent references.
These are essentially private communications and are subject to the same ethical and legal rules as personal letters. Essays on Jonson and the Sons of Bened. When a second item from a volume previously mentioned is to be listed, use an abbreviated form, as in this example referring to the volume in ii above:. Cornelius Tacitus, Opera minoraed.
As far as possible, follow the style used for printed publications as detailed above. Society of Spanish and Spanish-American Studies,pp.
Unpublished dissertations and theses
Do not use square brackets in a reference for any other purpose for example, when the reference is already in parenthesesotherwise the impression may be conveyed that the information in unpblished brackets is uncertain.
Reference to an article in a book which has previously been published in a journal should take one of the following forms:.
The names of editors etc. If a published abstract of an unpublished thesis unpubliwhed dissertation is known to exist, the information should be given: References to television or radio broadcasts should give the title of the specific programme, if there is one, in single quotation marks, and the title of the series in italics, together with the date and if relevant the time of transmission.
University of Chicago Press, Proceedings of the British Academy. Yale University Press, unpulbished, p.